Petroleum, natural gas, coal, renewable energy, and nuclear electric power are primary energy sources in the United States. Electricity is a secondary energy source that is generated from primary energy sources.

Domestic energy production was greater than U.S. energy consumption in 2019

The three major fossil fuels—petroleum, natural gas, and coal—accounted for most of the nation's energy production in 2019:In 2019, energy produced in the United States was equal to about 101.0 quadrillion Btu and consumed 100.2 quadrillion BTU. The difference between production and consumption was mainly in net imports of petroleum.

How much petroleum does the United States import and export?

In 2020, the United States imported approximately 7.86 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum. Petroleum includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, liquefied refinery gases, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. These were the lowest levels of imports of total petroleum and crude oil since 1991.

In 2020, the United States exported about 8.51 MMb/d of petroleum. Most of the exports were petroleum liquids and refined petroleum products. The resulting net exports (exports minus imports) of petroleum were about .65 MMb/d.

The top five source countries of U.S. petroleum imports in 2020 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Colombia.  

The top five destinations of U.S. petroleum exports in 2020 were Mexico, Canada, China, Japan and India.

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